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Pouring the Best Concrete Garage Floor

Pouring the Best Concrete Garage Floor

 

You garage floor has to support heavy vehicles, and withstand harmful chemicals like de-icers, gasoline, and motor oil on a daily basis. It also has to endure heat/thaw conditions, which means that the concrete is constantly expanding and shrinking. This can result in cracking, flaking, and ultimately the deterioration of your concrete floor. To help protect your garage floor it's very important that you install it properly.

 

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There are several different things that you want to consider when pouring your concrete floor:

 

Start with a Good Base

 

A good base is an important pre-condition for pouring a new concrete garage floor. It must be able to:

support 125 pounds of pressure per square foot
provide consistent support

 

If the base soil doesn't provide consistent support the concrete will settle unevenly, which will lead to bending and cracking. To avoid this you need to make sure that all of the soil has been compacted. The best way to compact the soil is to remove the topsoil and replace it with at least 4 inches of compactible, irregularly shaped gravel. This will let water escape, helps spread the load over the soil, and will keep your concrete thickness equal.

 

Use a Vapor Barrier

Moisture in the ground will eventually rise up into the concrete slabs and condense underneath anything that is on top of the concrete (i.e. storage boxes, cars, etc.). You will be able to tell that this is happening if you have dark spots in your concrete. Not only is this not aesthetically pleasing, but it can result in delamination of your floor's coating and slab "sweating", which is when moisture accumulates on top of of the concrete slab increasing its slipperiness and making it dangerous. Vapor barriers are a cheap way of preventing this from happening.

 

 

 

Source: http://www.wrmeadows.com/perminator-underslab-vapor-barrier-retarder/

 

Don't Add Water!

 

Sometimes it might be tempting to add water to the concrete mix because it will seem dry and stiff. Do not give into this temptation, because the more water there is in the mix the weaker the concrete will be. In colder climates it's extremely important that concrete is strong to prevent it from cracking and breaking. If your cement mix is truly too dry to mix or pour, consider using super-plasticizers instead of water. Adding these to your mix will push the cement grains apart, making it flow more easily.

 

Air-Entrained Concrete

 

Using air-entrained concrete is essential if you live in a climate that experiences freezing temperatures. Air-entrained concrete is created by adding a soaplike admixture that froths and produces billions of microscopic air bubbles. These bubbles are extremely important in preventing your concrete from cracking and flaking in extreme temperatures. Essentially, these air bubbles relieve pressure in the concrete by providing chambers for water to expand in when it freezes, as opposed to expanding in the concrete, thus causing cracking and flaking. If you don't know how to do this yourself be sure to use a trusted concrete producer who will adjust your mix accordingly.

 

Isolate Each Slab of Concrete

 

As previously mentioned, concrete slabs continue to expand and contract with changes in temperature, which can make them prone to cracking and flaking. To help avoid this from happening it's important that you use isolation joints around the perimeter of each concrete slab. This helps the concrete move independently and prevents cracking.

 

Don't Rush the Process

 

If your concrete dries too quickly it will crack and shrink, and might curl upward at the edges. To prevent this from happening you can spray a membrane-forming curing compound on the surface of the concrete. This membrane will trap moisture in the concrete, preventing it from drying out quickly. You can also use poly sheeting or curing blankets that also trap the moisture in the concrete but don't interfere with adhesion like curing compounds can.

 

 

Source: http://www.concreteconstruction.net//concrete-slabs-and-floors/better-garage-floors.aspx?utm_source=newsletter&utm_content=jump&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=CCIU_112613&day=2013-11-26

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Why use Garage Enhancements Ltd.

Why use Garage Enhancements Ltd.

 

If you’re looking to turn your garage space into a practical, unique, and comfortable part of your house then you need a company that you can rely on and trust to carry you through this renovation. Garage Enhancements offers a customer-focused approach that will undoubtedly make sure all of your dreams for your garage will be fully realized.

 

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Garage Enhancements offers professional garage remodeling that are customized to meet your specific needs. Our professionals use quality products, superior installation services, and customer consultation to help create a garage with visual appeal and that is a practical, user-friendly addition to your home.

 

On top of offering great customer service, we also offer a multitude of other services that are sure to meet all of your expectations for your garage renovation. Some of our services are:

Innovative concrete coatings

Polyaspartic (indoor and outdoor)
High polished concrete stains
Acyrlic Flakes
Quartz
old concrete renewal for residential concrete areas (for commercial, and industrial concrete areas visit the website for Enhanced Concrete Coatings)

State of the art custom cabinet options
Wall finishing accessories

Other great reasons to work with us are:

 

Limited Lifetime Guarantee

As long as you own the home you are renovating, you automatically get a lifetime warranty for any of the work we do. This means that any damage repair will be free. How can we do this? Because we believe in our products and our quality of work so much that we are willing to stand behind them with fervour.

 

Quality of Work

Since we promise a limited lifetime guarantee on any of the work that we do, that means we have to have an extremely high quality of work. Our professionals take extreme care to make sure that the job is done right the first time and to the best of their abilities.

 

Commercial Quality

The products and methods we use for residential renovations are the exact same as the ones we use for our commercial customers. This means that you're getting commercial level quality for the price of a residential renovation.

 

Value

Not only do we provide great work and care from our professionals, but we also provide high quality products for a very reasonable price that you'd have a hard time finding anywhere else.

 

Great Service

Here are Garage Enhancements we are extremely customer driven. We take great pride in providing excellent customer service and consultations. We have over five years of experience and have done a large number of garage renovations during that time. Because of this we can confidently guarantee that our service will do far more than meet the bare minimum of your expectations.

 

If you’re a homeowner that values high quality work, cleanliness, and organization then Garage Enhancements is the right company to walk you through your garage renovation. However, if you’re hesitant about whether Garage Enhancements is the company for you, please sign up for our free estimate for a chance to see what working with us will be like.

 

 

 

519-220-9714

 

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How to Fix Damaged Concrete Gargae floors

How To Fix a Damaged Concrete Garage Floor

 

When your garage floor is damaged it’s extremely important that you take into account the entire extent of the damage. Evaluating the seriousness of the damage to your garage floor will ultimately determine whether you need to get an entire new concrete floor or if you can get away with using an epoxy overlay to fix the problems.

 
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If you have cracks in your concrete you need to determine whether the cracks indicate foundational issues or if they are just surface imperfections. There are two types of cracks that will help you determine the issues in your concrete floor:

Hairline (also known as Spider-Web)

  Most common kind of crack in concrete
  Less than one-eighth inch wide
  (Usually) less than eighteen inches in length

      Major (also known as Real)

  More than one-eight inch wide
  More than eighteen inches in length
  Unusually shaped (v-shaped, straight horizontal, straight vertical, stair steps)
  Unusual locations
  Excessive in number

 

Getting a New Garage Floor

 

If the cracks in your floor meet the description of the Major crack, chances are that you'll need to replace your garage floor. This process can be long and expensive and must be accompanied by a professional evaluation from an expert in foundations and structures.Installing a new garage floor includes:

      Ripping up your entire garage foundation and laying down a brand new floor

   This essentially means starting from scratch

      Replacing specific concrete slabs that are shifting
      OR pouring new concrete over the broken concrete floor

    This will work but it won’t guarantee that all of your floor problems will go away
    E.g.) If you have moisture problems this will simply cover up the problem, not solve it

Replacing a garage floor is an extreme and expensive process but sometimes it’s necessary, especially when you consider the fact that simply covering up the problem could end up costing you more money in the future.

 

 

Getting an Epoxy Coating

 

If the cracks in your floor meet the description of a Hairline crack and there aren’t foundational issues, an epoxy overlay may be the best option for your renovation. This type of concrete coating can offer the best balance of economy and quality that will not only transform your garage aesthetically but is also a tough, long-lasting coating that is extremely practical. Some of the most notable benefits of an epoxy overlay are:

      Moisture and Stain-Resistant
     This makes epoxy flooring a great choice for floors that get their fair share of spills and leaks
      Resists Damage

  Impact and abrasion resistant, which will prevent further damage in the future

      Resurfacing Qualities

  This is the best reason for using an epoxy overlay to improve your cracked concrete floor
  These coatings are self-leveling and provide a smooth, polished finish that can cover up blemishes

      Easy to Clean

  Only requires soap and water to clean
  Wipes clean like a kitchen counter

The process of installing an epoxy coating is as follows:

First we have to evaluate your garage floor to get an idea of how much prep work has to be done to get it ready to be coated
After that we give the floor a thorough cleaning, removing as many spots and debris as we can
Next we diamond grind the entire floor area, opening the concrete pores so they are ready to accept and bond tightly to the prime coat of Silka 156
Once this is done we patch in the remaining cracks and holes with an epoxy crack filler
Finally, we apply the primer coat followed by 12-16 ml of Silka 261 (100% Epoxy)

 

Clearly, this is a long an arduous process that would take you days on your own. Garage Enhancements will cut that time in half and guarantee that every step is carried out with professional techniques and practices that will transform your garage into your dream workspace. If you’re not convinced, take a look at another one of our before and after pictures from a renovation that included an epoxy floor coating:

 

 

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Benefits of Polished Concrete

Benefits of Polished Concrete

 

Polished concrete has become a common type of flooring used in homes all around the world. The surface is very low-maintenance and if treated properly can last for years, even in areas with heavy foot traffic. While it has many benefits, one of the most important ones to take into account is the fact that it is a great flooring choice for people with allergies.

 
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There are many other benefits to using polished concrete as the flooring for your home, some of them being:

Durable

Resists abrasions
Low Maintenance
Resists spills, making it easy to clean
Only needs to be refinished every 5-10 years

Environmentally Friendly

Doesn’t contain any volatile organic compounds (VOC) like most concrete coatings do

Reflects light and heat to reduce energy consumption

Aesthetically Pleasing

Expensive and elegant looking finish

Available in a wide variety of colours and designs

Mimics stone

 

For a more complete list of the benefits of using polished concrete in your home click here.

 

In this day and age allergies have become much more common, so common that most businesses have made it part of their protocol to ask incoming clients/employees whether they have any. Ensuring that your own homes is safe for yourself and your loved ones can seem like a daunting task. Thankfully, there is an easy step to protecting your loved ones: installing a polished concrete floor in your basement. They protect people who have allergies because they do not trap:

Mold
Mildew
Dust Mites
Bacteria
Allergens
Moisture

 

Most basements are prone to attracting all of the above. This type of flooring has this capability because it is not porous, like most floors, which means that nothing can get inside of the concrete. Therefore, polished concrete floors are also great for protecting people who suffer from asthma and other respiratory issues.

 

Concrete itself is a porous material but it’s the process that it goes through to become polished concrete that makes it non-porous. This involves using specific floor polishers that are fitted with diamond embedded abrasive disks. These are used to grind down the surface of the concrete until it reaches the desired level of smoothness and shine. Once this is finished, the concrete is then sealed with a protective covering, ensuring that no mites or mold will be able to get into the concrete floor.

 

If you are concerned about the well-being and health of yourself or your family then you should look into installing a polished concrete floor. Click the contact us button below to get a free estimate on your new flooring!

 

 

 

 

 

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Why is Salt Corroding my Concrete

Why is salt corroding my concrete

 

 

If you live in Canada, dealing with snow and concrete de-icers in the winter can feel like a necessary and annoying evil. De-icers like rock salt can wreak havoc on your cars, your clothes, and even the concrete you walk on. While the frustrations of salt seem far away there are steps you can take during this summer season to protect your driveway in the winter.

 

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How Salt Causes Damage to Concrete

 

There are three main ways that salt ruins concrete:

Melts and Freezes the Ice

Salt only melts snow and ice, it does not get rid of them
As they melt, the snow/ice mixes with the de-icer forming salt water
This salt water has a lower freezing temperature and therefore seeps into the porous concrete
As temperatures drop the salt water eventually freezes in the concrete causing it to expand, creating:

Chips
Flaking
Spalling
Pitting
Cracking

Crystallization and Subflorescence

As the moisture evaporates from the concrete the salt remains in its cracksEventually the salt recrystallizes in the pores of the concrete causing:

FlakingSpalling
This process is called subflorescence

Rebar Metal

Salt corrodes rebar metalIf rebar metal is present in concrete the salt will corrode and rust it
The rust will create pressure on the surrounding concrete causing:

SpallingCracking
Pitting

As the concrete gets more cracks it becomes more susceptible to salt, which makes it break down faster

How To Protect Your Concrete From Salt Damage This Summer

 

An easy step you can take this summer is to get an epoxy coating on your concrete driveway.

The treatment will seep into the pores of your concrete and will harden into a glasslike seal
This will prevent saltwater from seeping into the concrete, where the real damage is done
It won't break down when its exposed to salts, cold temperatures, or spilled chemicals
Also makes shoveling snow and ice easier if your floor is exposed to the outdoor

This treatment is much easier and quicker to install during the summer when cold weather and snow won't get in the way of working outside. Taking an extra step now will save you time, money, and wasted frustration in the future!

 

 

 

519-220-9714

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Basement Floor Coatings

Basement Floor Coatings

 

 

Polished concrete and epoxy coatings have become a common type of flooring used in homes all around the world. Each surface is very low-maintenance and if treated properly can last for years, even in areas with heavy foot traffic.

 

 
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Polished Concrete

 

Using polished concrete in your basement has many advantages. Finishing your basement will not only create more living space but it will also increase your home's resale value. Deciding to enhance your concrete basement floor is an easy and cost efficient way to help finish off your basement renovation. Some generic benefits of using polished concrete are (for a full list of the benefits of using polished concrete for your business click here

 

Epoxy Coatings

 

Epoxy coatings are another option to consider for your basement floor. It is a tough, long-lasting coating that is painted directly onto concrete that has many advantages, a few of them being:

High Class Appearance

When professionally and correctly applied, epoxy acts as a high performance coating that gives a professional look to any garage or workspace.

Moisture and Stain-Resistant

Epoxy flooring is moisture resistant, which makes it the perfect choice for basement floors that get their fair share of flooding. The finish stays fresh for years and wipes clean like a kitchen counter.

Resists Damage

This flooring is impact and abrasion resistant, which means that you can store anything on it without worrying about ruining your brand new floor. Likewise, dropped tools make no impact either, making it great for a workspace

Resurfacing Qualities

If your basement floor is cracked, stained and worn down then an epoxy coating is just what you need to resurrect it. Epoxy coatings are self-leveling and provide a smooth, polished finished that can cover up all the blemishes and failings of your current floor. It’s a great way to refresh your basement and you can even choose from a selection of colors or patterns to brighten your space up.

Concrete Preparation

Most cement floors will require a thorough diamond grind vacuum cleaning and airing before an epoxy coat is applied. However, if you choose to use Garage Enhancements to apply an epoxy coat you won’t have to worry about prepping your garage floor.

Easy to Clean

All you need to clean your epoxy coated floor is soap and water. This is because the coating is designed to resist moisture and stains, so any dirt or oil will come off extremely easily

 

 

 

 
     

 

 

 

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Happy 10 th Anniversary to Garage Enhancements Ltd

  
Thank you to our valued customer for a wonderful 10 years of serving the residential
home improvement industry.
We look forward to many more years of bringing value and quality to the home improvement industry

 

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Creative Colors for endless applications

 

Epoxy Stains are a popular alternative to the solid colour option.  Garage Enhancements  will help you pick your colour and we can make the garage floor your own creation of colours. 

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Lawrence Clark
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June 7, 2018
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